Pervez Saleem (Producer/Director)

By Pervez Saleem.

“Being unwanted, unloved, uncared for, forgotten by everybody, I think that is a much greater hunger, a much greater poverty than the person who has nothing to eat.”

“Our life of poverty is as necessary as the work itself. Only in heaven will we see how much we owe to the poor for helping us to love God better because of them.”

“Let us touch the dying, the poor, the lonely and the unwanted according to the graces we have received and let us not be ashamed or slow to do the humble work.”
We seek to unlock the possibility inside every individual.
We see equal value in all lives. And so we are dedicated to improving the quality of life for individuals around the world. From the education of students in Chicago, to the health of a young mother in Nigeria, we are catalysts of human promise everywhere.


Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (B&MGF or the Gates Foundation) is the largesttransparently operated private foundation in the world, founded by Bill and Melinda Gates. It is “driven by the interests and passions of the Gates family.” The primary aims of the foundation are, globally, to enhance healthcare and reduce extreme poverty, and in America, to expand educational opportunities and access to information technology. The foundation, based in Seattle, Washington, is controlled by its three trustees: Bill Gates, Melinda Gates and Warren Buffett. Other principal officers include Co-Chair William H. Gates, Sr. and Chief Executive Officer Jeff Raikes.

It had an endowment of US$36.2 billion as of 30 September 2012. The scale of the foundation and the way it seeks to apply business techniques to giving makes it one of the leaders in the philanthrocapitalism revolution in global philanthropy, though the foundation itself notes that the philanthropic role has limitations. In 2007, its founders were ranked as the second most generous philanthropists in America, and Warren Buffett the first. A 2013 Bloomberg report stated that, as of May 16, 2013, Bill Gates had donated US$28 billion to the foundation.

In 1994, the foundation was formed as the William H. Gates Foundation with an initial stock gift of US$94 million. In 1999, the foundation was renamed the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. After a merger with the Gates Learning Foundation in 2000, Gates gave an additional US$126 million. During the foundation’s following years, funding grew to US$2 billion. On June 15, 2006, Gates announced his plans to transition out of a day-to-day role with Microsoft, effective July 31, 2008, to allow him to devote more time to working with the foundation.
Bill and Melinda Gates, along with the musician Bono, were named by Time asPersons of the Year 2005 for their charitable work. In the case of Bill and Melinda Gates, the work referenced was that of this foundation.
In April 2010, Gates was invited to visit and speak at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he asked the students to take on the hard problems of the world in their futures. He also explained the nature and philosophy of his philanthropic endeavors.
In 2010, The Foundation’s founders started The Commission on Education of Health Professionals for the 21st Century, entitled “Transforming education to strengthen health systems in an interdependent world.”

The Warren Buffett donation
On June 25, 2006, Warren Buffett (then the world’s richest person, estimated worth of US$62 billion as of April 16, 2008) pledged to give the foundation approximately 10 million Berkshire Hathaway Class B shares spread over multiple years through annual contributions, with the first year’s donation of 500,000 shares being worth approximately US$1.5 billion. Buffett set conditions so that these contributions do not simply increase the foundation’s endowment, but effectively work as a matching contribution, doubling the Foundation’s annual giving: “Buffett’s gift came with three conditions for the Gates foundation: Bill or Melinda Gates must be alive and active in its administration; it must continue to qualify as a charity; and each year it must give away an amount equal to the previous year’s Berkshire gift, plus another 5 percent of netassets. Buffett gave the foundation two years to abide by the third requirement.” The Gates Foundation received 5% (500,000) of the shares in July 2006 and will receive 5% of the remaining earmarked shares in the July of each following year (475,000 in 2007, 451,250 in 2008). In July 2013, Buffet announced another donation of his company’s Class B, this time in the amount worth $2 billion, is going to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

Global Health Program

The President of the Global Health Program is Trevor Mundel. The Gates Foundation has quickly become a major influence upon global health; the approximately US$800 million that the foundation gives every year for global health approaches the annual budget of theUnited Nations World Health Organization (193 nations), and is comparable to the funds given to fight infectious disease by the United States Agency for International Development.

The Global Health Program’s significant grants include:
The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria
Over $1.3 billion donated as of 2012.
Polio eradication
The Foundation provides 17% (US$86 million in 2006) of the world budget for the attempted eradication of poliomyelitis (polio).
The GAVI Alliance
The foundation gave the GAVI Alliance (formerly the “Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation”) a donation of US$750 million on January 25, 2005.
Children’s Vaccine Program
The Children’s Vaccine Program, run by the Program for Appropriate Technology in Health (PATH), received a donation of US$27 million to help vaccinate against Japanese encephalitis on December 9, 2003.
University of Washington Department of Global Health
The foundation provided approximately US$30 million for the foundation of the new Department of Global Health at the University of Washington in Seattle. The donation promoted three of the Foundation’s target areas: education, Pacific Northwest and global health. The foundation also lead a study to increase access to high education globally.
HIV Research
The foundation has donated a grand total of US$287 million to various HIV/AIDS researchers. The money was split between sixteen different research teams across the world, on the condition that they share their findings with one another.
Aeras Global TB Vaccine Foundation
The foundation gave the Aeras Global TB Vaccine Foundation more than US$280 million to develop and license an improved vaccine against tuberculosis for use in high burden countries.
Cheaper high-tech TB test
In August 2012, the foundation, in partnership with PEPFAR (United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief), USAID(United States Agency for International Development), and UNITAID (an international drug purchasing facility hosted by WHO), announced they had finalized an agreement to reduce the cost of a commercial TB test (Cepheid’s Xpert MTB/RIF run on the GeneXpert platform) from $16.86 to $9.98. This test can take the place of smear microscopy, a technique first developed in the 1880s by Robert Koch. Smear microscopy often does not show TB infection in persons who are also co-infected with HIV, whereas Xpert MTB/RIF can show TB in the co-infected patient. In addition, the GeneXpert system can show whether the particular TB strain is resistant to the antibiotic rifampicin, which is a widely accepted indicator of the presence of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis.
Visceral Leishmaniasis Research
The foundation awarded the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Kuvin Center for the Study of Infectious and Tropical Diseases a US$5 million grant in 2009 for research into visceral leishmaniasis, an emerging parasitic disease in Ethiopia where it is frequently associated with HIV/AIDS, and a leading cause of adult illness and death. The project is a collaborative effort with Addis Ababa University and will gather data for analysis to identify the weak links in the transmission cycle and devise methods for control of the disease.
The foundation has also given The Institute for OneWorld Health a donation of nearly US$10 million to support the organization’s work on a drug for visceral leishmaniasis.
Next Generation Condom
The foundation is offering $100,000 to the scientist who can develop a new and improved condom, one that “significantly preserves or enhances pleasure, in order to improve uptake and regular use” according to the Gates Foundation’s Grand Challenges in Global Health website. The condom challenge is one of five health initiatives put forward in Round 11 of the Grand Challenges Explorations
program that rewards innovative, unorthodox approaches to global health and disease prevention.
Neglected tropical diseases
The foundation took the initiative of the WHO-inspired project called London Declaration on Neglected Tropical Diseases launched on 30 January 2012 in London, and had allocated a 5-year US $363 million commitment, the largest funding for the project. The programme is to eradicate or control 10 major tropical diseases by 2020.

Global Development Program
President Chris Elias leads the Global Development Program, which combats extreme poverty through grants including:
Financial Services for the Poor[edit source
Alliance for Financial Inclusion (AFI)
A US$35 million grant for the Alliance for Financial Inclusion to support a coalition of countries from the developing world making savings accounts, insurance, and other financial services available to people living on less than $2 a day
Financial Access Initiative
A US$5 million grant allows Financial Access Initiative to do field research and answer important questions about micro finance and financial access in impoverished countries around the world.
Pro Mujer
A US$3.1 million grant to Pro Mujer, a leading microfinance network in Latin America, and a pioneer at combining financial services with healthcare for the poorest women entrepreneurs. The five-year grant will be used to research new opportunities for serving the very poorest segment of the Latin American microfinance market.
Grameen Foundation
A US$1.5 million grant allows Grameen Foundation to make more microloans, to support Grameen’s goal of helping five million additional families and successfully freeing 50 percent of those families from poverty within five years.
Agricultural Development[edit source
Rice Research
Between November 2007 and October 2010, the Gates Foundation will offer US$19.9 million to the International Rice Research Institute. The aid is intended to support the increasing demand the world has placed on rice. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation claims “To keep up with worldwide demand, the production of rice will have to increase by about 70 percent in the next two decades.” Yielding higher grade crops will ensure local farmers get the best return out of their crop annually and be able to offer greater quantities.
The IRRI maintains that with the improvement of rice yields, not only will people reap the benefits of a more nutritious crop, advances in crop research will help sustain local economies. Rice that cost less to produce and yield greater amount makes the final product less expensive for consumers.
Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA)
The Gates Foundation has partnered with the Rockefeller Foundation to enhance agricultural science and small-farm productivity inAfrica, building on the Green Revolution that the Rockefeller Foundation spurred in the 1940s and 1960s. The Gates Foundation has made an initial US$100 million investment in this effort, to which the Rockefeller Foundation has contributed US$50 million. Critics allege that the Foundation has a preference to make grants that benefit multinational agribusiness, such as Monsanto, which do not take into account many local needs in Africa.
Global Special Initiatives
The Foundation’s Special Initiatives include responses to catastrophes as well as learning grants, which are used to experiment with new areas of giving. Currently, the Foundation is exploring water, hygiene and sanitation as a new focus within Global Development.
Indian Ocean Earthquake
The foundation made total grant donations of US$3 million to various charities to help with the aid effort for victims of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. These charities include:
CARE international
International Rescue Committee
Mercy Corps
Save the Children
World Vision
Kashmir Earthquake
The foundation made a donation of US$500,000 for the 2005 Kashmir earthquake.
Water, Hygiene and Sanitation
Improved sanitation in the developing world is a global need, but a neglected priority. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) include a sanitation target to reach 75% coverage of improved sanitation by 2015, but it remains one of the MDG goals most far out of reach. Currently, 2.5 billion people do not have access to improved sanitation and nearly 1.1 billion resort to open defecation (MDG Report, 2012). Even in urban areas, more than 2 billion people in the developing world lack access to services and infrastructure for the safe disposal of human waste (The World Bank, 2003). Open defecation poses significant health and environmental risks. Open defecation also creates vulnerability, particularly for women and children who are exposed to a loss of dignity, abuse or harassment while defecating in the open. Globally, poor sanitation contributes to 1.5m child deaths each year fromdiarrheal disease; in India alone, diarrhea kills 1 child per minute (UNICEF/WHO, 2009). Diarrhea is also a major cause of death for children and chronic diarrhea hurts child development by impeding their health, nutrition and hinders vaccine absorption. Those who suffer from the lack of this most basic of human needs also tend to be victims of poverty, ill health, and an overall poor quality of life.
File:RTI Toilet Developed Under RTTC Program.jpg
Toilet developed under the RTTC program by the RTI InternationalTeam is based on electrochemical disinfection and solid waste combustion
Reinvent the Toilet Challenge
In 2011 The foundation launched a program to promote the development of toilet innovations to benefit the 2.5 billion people that do not have access to safe and effective sanitation. The Reinvent the toilet challenge (RTTC) is premised on the fact that ground-breaking improvements are required in toilet design and fecal sludge management to close the urban sanitation gap. Since its launch, 15 teams have received grants to develop innovative on-site and off-site waste treatment solutions for the urban poor. The RTTC is focused on reinventing the flush toilet, a break-through public health invention that has not changed substantially since the first flush toilet patent was issued in 1775. The Foundation has called on grantees to design a standalone toilet unit without piped-in water, a sewer connection, or outside electricity, with facility costs targeted at less than five cents per person per day. RTTC is also working to improve waste handling from collection and treatment.
We are focused on the areas of greatest need, on the ways in which we can do the most good.
From poverty to health, to education, our areas of focus offer the opportunity to dramatically improve the quality of life for billions of people. So we build partnerships that bring together resources, expertise, and vision-working with the best organizations around the globe to identify issues, find answers, and drive change.


Those that can be measured. And those measured in ways beyond numbers.
We see individuals, not issues. We are inspired by passion, and compassion for the wellbeing of people. Our methods are based on logic, driven by rigor, results, issues, and outcomes. Our innovation means trying new things, learning from our mistakes, and consistently refining our approach. Our strategies help us define our path to success, but our effectiveness is based in the aggregate power of our initiatives to impact holistic change.

We seek to drive change on a global scale.
Our focus on economic empowerment unlocks possibility on the individual and communal level. Our work in the field of global health saves lives, helping families and communities thrive, both today, and tomorrow. Our efforts on education help ensure that individuals have the tools they need to achieve the promise in their own lives.

We are impatient optimists.
The problems we seek to solve are complex and demand the coordination and focus of many – leaders, governments, communities, and individuals around the world. Our work is challenging, but we know we can get there. We cannot succeed alone, but together we can work for a world where all can thrive.
“I have the audacity to believe that people everywhere can have three meals a day for their bodies, education and culture for the minds and dignity, equality and freedom for their spirits.”
Martin Luther King, Jr., American Civil Rights Leader

“The victim of starvation burns up his own body fats, muscles and tissues for fuel. His body quite literally consumes itself and deteriorates rapidly. The kidneys, liver, and endocrine system often cease to function properly. A shortage of carbohydrates, which play a vital role in brain chemistry, affects the mind. Lassitude and confusion set in, so that starvation victims often seem unaware of their plight. The body’s defenses drop; disease kills most famine victims before they have time to starve to death, An individual begins to starve when he has lost about a third of his normal body weight. Once this loss exceeds 40 percent, death is almost inevitable.”