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Pervez Saleem


The Difference between Legal and Illegal Immigrants.

By Pervez Saleem
Courtesy: International Rescue Committee

What’s the difference between legal and undocumented immigrants?

Legal immigrants are foreign-born people legally admitted to the U.S. Undocumented immigrants, also called illegal aliens, are foreign-born people who do not possess a valid visa or other immigration documentation, because they entered the U.S. without inspection, stayed longer than their temporary visa permitted, or otherwise violated the terms under which they were admitted.

Why is it hard for immigrants to become legal?
The government’s restrictive criteria render legal paths of immigration available in only the most extreme cases. America traditionally had few immigration restrictions, but since the 1920s, the law has banned most aspiring immigrants.
How can I legally immigrate to the US?
In order to become a legal immigrant to the United States, one must go through the appropriate visa application process and obtain approval from U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
What is the difference between immigrant visa and Green Card?
The key difference between the two is that US visas allow the bearer to enter the country and stay for a certain period of time for a specific purpose, while a Green Card is a permit for immigrants that grants permanent residency in the United States.
What happens when you enter US with immigrant visa?
Once you have received your immigrant visa, you must enter the United States within the visa validity period to obtain an alien registration receipt or “green” card (Form I-151 or I-551) that will allow you to live and work in the United States. You will receive your passport from the courier service.
Can you enter the U.S. with just a visa?
Issuance of a visa does not guarantee entry to the United States. A visa simply indicates that a U.S. consular officer at an American embassy or consulate has reviewed the application and that officer has determined that the individual is eligible to enter the country for a specific purpose.
Can you be denied entry to USA with a visa?
Unfortunately, no one is guaranteed entry to the US, other than American citizens. It happens to the best of us. You could still be denied entry even if you have complete and correct documentation, the right visas, and a legal status.
How long is a US immigrant visa valid for?
Six months
You must arrive in and apply for admission to the United States no later than the visa expiration date printed on your visa. An immigrant visa is usually valid for up to six months from the date of issuance unless your medical examination expires sooner, which may make your visa valid for less than six months.
Does an immigrant visa allow you to work?
If you have the right combination of skills, education, and/or work experience, you may be able to live and work permanently in the United States by seeking an employment-based immigrant visa.
Can I use my immigrant visa as a green card?
Immigrant visas can start the process for permanent resident status, but they do not provide resident status themselves. A green card is a physical card that represents the holder’s right to permanently live and work within the United States.
How long can an immigrant stay in the U.S. without a visa?
The Visa Waiver Program (VWP) enables most citizens or nationals of participating countries* to travel to the United States for tourism or business for stays of 90 days or less without obtaining a visa.
How long does it take to get green card after immigrant visa?
It may take up to 90 days from the date you entered to receive your permanent resident card. You entered the U.S. using your immigrant visa, You paid the immigrant visa fee AFTER you entered, It may take up to 90 days from the date you made your payment to receive your permanent resident card.
A baby plays with a U.S. flag at a naturalization ceremony for new U.S. citizens at the WWII Memorial in Washington, D.C. ...
What are the benefits of immigrant visa?
If approved, benefit provides: Asylee status • Work authorization • Access to federal and state benefits and services • Ability to apply for permanent residency • Ability for spouse and children to receive asylum, even if not already in the U.S.
Can I stay in the U.S. while waiting for immigrant visa?
If you intend taking up permanent residence in the United States, you are required to wait until the immigrant or fiancé(e) visa is issued. You cannot reside in the U.S. on a tourist visa or visa free under the Visa Waiver Program while waiting the issuance of the visa.
How long does it take for U.S. immigrant visa to be approved?
Generally speaking, a fair timeframe is approximately 6-10 months from the filing of the immigrant petition to approval at the U.S. Consulate. Timeframes can vary depending on backlogs of cases at both the USCIS and the U.S. Consulate abroad.
What is the easiest visa to get in the US?
Nonetheless, theUS B1/B2 visaoffers one of the simplest options for visiting the United States for business or tourism purposes. The B1/B2 Visa is an important requirement for many travelers wishing to enter the U.S. Luckily, everyone is eligible to apply for it in the easiest way possible using iVisa.
Can I travel outside the US with an immigrant visa?
Permanent residents are free to travel outside the United States, and temporary or brief travel usually does not affect your permanent resident status. If it is determined, however, that you did not intend to make the United States your permanent home, you will be found to have abandoned your permanent
resident status.
Is a US immigrant visa permanent?
Immigrant visas are issued to foreign nationals who intend to live permanently in the United States. Nonimmigrant visas are for foreign nationals wishing to enter the United States on a temporary basis – for tourism, medical treatment, business, temporary work, study, or other similar reasons.
What are the 5 requirements to become a U.S. citizen?
  • 1) Lawful permanent resident of the U.S.
  • 2) You must be 18 years old.
  • 3) You must have resided for three months in the state where you will apply for U.S. citizenship.
  • 4) Continuous residency and physical presence in the U.S.
  • 5) You must be a person of good moral character.

Which visa leads to green card?
If you are currently in the United States, an immigrant visa is immediately available to you as an EB-1, EB-2, or EB-3 immigrant, and you meet certain other requirements, you may file Form I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status, to apply for a Green Card without leaving the country.
What is the longest a non U.S. citizen can stay in the US?
While B-1 or B-2 visas may be valid up to 10 years, visitors on B-1 or B-2 will only be permitted to stay in the United States for a short duration (maximum 6 months), as granted by US Customs and Border Protection upon arrival.
What are the benefits of being American citizen?
The Rights of a U.S. Citizen After Naturalization. You cannot be deported to your country of former citizenship or nationality. You’ll have just as much right as any other American to live and work in the United States. Even if you’re charged with a crime in the future, you’ll be able to stay in the United States.
  • The right to vote. …
  • No deportation – advantage of a green card. …
  • Less expensive in the long run – the cost of Naturalization. …
  • You can bring your family to the United States. …
  • You earn the right to hold a United States passport.
Is it worth becoming a U.S. citizen?
Top Benefits of Becoming a US Citizen
In addition to legal benefits, US citizenship also confers several tangible advantages. As a citizen, you can access all levels of public education without cost. You’ll also have access to many government-funded resources, such as financial aid programs and healthcare services.
Can a U.S. citizen be deported?
A naturalized US citizen can not be deported for breaking the law unless they break the law to become a US citizen or get convicted of treason However, permanent residents of the US can get deported for committing certain crimes and felonies.
Is U.S. citizenship for life?
Once you get U.S. citizenship, you typically retain it for life. However, there are certain rare situations in which a citizen may lose their citizenship. Denaturalization involves involuntarily having your citizenship taken away. Renunciation involves voluntarily giving up your citizenship.
Can I apply for U.S. citizenship after 3 years of green card?
Who Qualifies For Citizenship? All green card holders, as long as they meet key conditions, can apply for U.S. citizenship after five years (known as the “five-year rule”) — but those with a U.S. spouse and a green card through marriage can apply after only three years (known as the “three-year rule”).
Can a U.S. citizen sponsor a family member?
If you are a U.S. citizen or permanent resident, you may be able to sponsor a family member for a Permanent Resident Card (Green Card). Learn about the process and who is eligible.
What is the fastest way to get a green card?
What is the fastest you can get a green card? The Diversity Immigrant Visa Program offers one of the quickest routes to obtain a green card. But it’s based on luck. Family-based visas for immediate relatives also offer faster paths, typically within 1-2 years.
What happens if immigrant visa expires?
You can be in the U.S. beyond the expiration of the visa stamp, so long as your immigration status and I-94 record of arrival remain valid. If you wish to travel outside the U.S. after your visa has expired, you do need to apply for and obtain a new visa stamp in your passport before you can reenter the country.
Can an immigrant be deported?
Certain criminal acts may also constitute grounds for deportation from the United States. Even if the immigrant has legal status, if he or she commits a serious crime such as murder, forgery, fraud, rape, drug or arms trafficking, he or she may be sentenced to prison or deported.
Can you be deported if you commit a crime?
The consequences of a criminal conviction can be serious. They can be particularly severe for immigrants. From time to time, a criminal conviction can result in deportation. Sometimes, it may also make you inadmissible to enter the United States or prevent you from naturalization.
How does a criminal conviction affect immigration status?
Whether you have been convicted of a crime within the United States or abroad, your criminal record could affect your ability to live as a non-citizen in the United States. Additionally, a criminal record can also result in the deportation of an individual who has a valid non-immigrant visa or even a green card.
What is background check in visa application?
Every applicant must go through a thorough process called immigration screening or immigration background checks. The immigration screening process helps to detain criminals, bankrupts, and ineligible applicants while ensuring the safety and security of the countries.
What are the disadvantages of green card?
These are some of the limitations you will face as a green card holder:
  • You cannot vote in U.S. elections until you are a citizen.
  • Your green card is not transferable; It does not extend automatically to born outside of the United States.
  • You cannot run for U.S. political office.
How do I know if my immigrant visa is approved?
Once you have submitted a visa application, you can check its status online. You will need to know your case number. Check the status of your immigrant or nonimmigrant visa application online using the U.S. Department of State’s Visa Status Check portal.
Can a US immigrant visa be denied?
At the end of your immigrant visa interview, some applicants are denied under section 221(G) of the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Act. This often happens because applicants do not come prepared with all the required documents for their interview.
How can I immigrate to USA without a job offer?
These options include family-sponsored visas for close relatives, the Diversity Visa (DV) Lottery for nationals from low-immigration countries, investor visas like the EB-5 program and E-2 Treaty Investor Visa, student visas for those accepted into U.S. educational institutions, and country-specific visa lotteries.
How much money do you need to immigrate to USA?
Despite its popularity, for many, becoming a U.S. permanent resident or a citizen is a long and costly process. If we sum up all the specific payments towards acquiring citizenship in the USA, the total ranges from $4,000 to $11,300. However, most people end up spending between $6,000 and $8,000.
Who can sponsor me in USA?
All sponsors must be U.S. citizens or permanent residents, be at least 18 years old, and be living in the United States (including territories and possessions) when they file the affidavit of support.
Can anyone sponsor you for a green card?
Can you sponsor a non-relative friend for a Green Card? Unfortunately, you cannot petition for a foreign national’s visa or green card unless you are their family member or current or prospective employer.
How much money do I need to sponsor an immigrant?
The minimum income requirement for sponsoring an immigrant ranges from $22,888 for a 2-person civilian household to $58,288 for an 8-person civilian household. The specific income required depends on the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Federal Poverty Guidelines updated every year.
Beautiful young conductor checks an american's passport before entering another country the concept of checking passports before the border
What happens if I marry an immigrant?
First, you and your immigrant spouse will need to get married and register your marriage with the state or county officials where your wedding took place. Then you will file Form I-130: Petition for Alien Relative to start the process of obtaining your noncitizen spouse a green card.
Can I sponsor my husband if I don’t have a job?
The petitioner must demonstrate that they have the means to support their entire household, including the sponsor, the beneficiary, and any children, at 125% of the federal poverty level. If the petitioner doesn’t meet the income requirements, he or she can ask a friend or relative to be a joint sponsor.
Can I pay someone to marry me for a green card?
It is against US law to marry someone for an immigration benefit. The fact you want to pay to engage in that conspiracy with a US citizen only provides more evidence against you.
Can you be denied a green card after marriage?
Marriage-based green card applications have a relatively high approval rate, but that doesn’t mean that they are never denied. Here are some of the most common problems that marriage-based green card applications run into, and how you can avoid them. Start planning your immigration journey today with Boundless.
Do I lose green card after divorce?
Divorce won’t affect the status of people who have permanent green cards, but it can delay their application for naturalization. If you have a conditional green card and you get divorced, it may be more difficult to get a permanent green card.
What happens if I divorce my immigrant spouse?
While your divorce may not affect your immigration status, it will affect the time you must wait before applying for your permanent resident status. Because you are no longer married, you will have to wait 5 years to apply, versus the 3 years if you were still married.
Do you get deported if your green card is denied?
The straight answer is yes; you can get deported if your green card is not processed even if you’re married to a U.S. citizen.
What disqualifies you from getting a green card?
If you entered the U.S. unlawfully, have prior immigration violations, failed to attend removal proceedings, or otherwise abused the U.S. immigration process, you may be ineligible for a green card.
Why would a marriage based green card be denied?

A Troublesome Past

A criminal or troublesome immigration history could get your application denied. This includes having a record of overstaying a visa, being deported, or even committing fraud to gain U.S. immigration benefits. Any of these could be red flags leading to a denial.

Do I need a lawyer to apply for a green card through marriage?
You do not have to hire an immigration lawyer to apply for a marriage-based green card. More than half of all marriage-based green card applications are filed by individuals who do not work with an attorney. You can definitely do it! In certain circumstances, having an immigration lawyer is essential.
Can I move to America without a sponsor?
If you do not have an employer that will sponsor you for permanent residency, you will need to seek a self-petition. Or, if you are wealthy and meet the required capital investment threshold, you could file an immigrant investor petition for yourself.
Is US immigrant friendly?
The US attracts immigrants because it’s the world’s largest economy in 2023, reaching a GDP of $25.5 trillion, and promises a better future to those who migrate with a dream of bettering their lives. The country also offers opportunities, competitive wages, and a relatively high standard of living.
Is it difficult to immigrate to USA?
In most cases, immigrating to the United States isn’t a difficult process. However, it can be time-consuming. Depending on certain factors, you might need to wait longer than you anticipated. For example, the government may take a while to grant visas during times of political turmoil.
Do green card holders get Social Security?
As of 2023, permanent residents or green card holders need $1,640 in earnings to get one credit. Green card holders need 40 credits (equivalent to ten years of work) to be eligible for social security benefits. Your spouse and children (mainly under 18) are the only dependents entitled to these benefits.
Migrants, asylum seekers, refugees and immigrants: What’s the difference?

Every day, people around the world make the difficult decision to leave their countries in search of safety and better lives.

Why? Currently, there are 82 million men, women and children escaping war, persecution and political turbulence. These are refugees and asylum seekers.

There are others who are looking for jobs or an education—they are usually called migrants—and people who want to live permanently in another country—immigrants.

There’s been confusion and debate over the use of these terms to describe the plight of those on the move. Here’s a closer look at the distinct differences between a refugee, asylum seeker, immigrant, and migrant.

Who is a refugee?

A refugee is someone who has been forced to flee his or her home because of war, violence or persecution, often without warning. They are unable to return home unless and until conditions in their native lands are safe for them again.

An official entity such as a government or the United Nations Refugee Agency determines whether a person seeking international protection meets the definition of a refugee, based on well-founded fear.

Those who obtain refugee status are given protections under international laws and conventions and lifesaving support from aid agencies, including the International Rescue Committee. Refugees in the U.S. also have the opportunity to become lawful permanent residents and eventually citizens.

Who is an asylum seeker?

An asylum seeker is someone who is also seeking international protection from dangers in his or her home country, but whose claim for refugee status hasn’t been determined legally. Asylum seekers must apply for protection in the country of destination—meaning they must arrive at or cross a border in order to apply.

Then, they must be able to prove to authorities there that they meet the criteria to be covered by refugee protections. Not every asylum seeker will be recognized as a refugee.

Tens of thousands of children and families from Central America have fled extreme danger—murder, kidnapping, violence against women and forced recruitment by gangs. Those arriving at the U.S. border are being depicted as “illegal immigrants,” but in reality, crossing an international border for asylum is not illegal and an asylum seeker’s case must be heard, according to U.S. and international law.

“It doesn’t matter how you enter the country: If you’re in the U.S. or you arrive at a port of entry you can seek asylum. There’s no way to ask for a visa or any type of authorization in advance, you just have to show up,” said the IRC’s director of immigration Olga Byrne.

Who is an immigrant?

An immigrant is someone who makes a conscious decision to leave his or her home and move to a foreign country with the intention of settling there. Immigrants often go through a lengthy vetting process to immigrate to a new country. Many become lawful permanent residents and eventually citizens.

Immigrants research their destinations, explore employment opportunities, and study the language of the country where they plan to live. Most importantly, they are free to return home whenever they choose.

Who is a migrant?

A migrant is someone who is moving from place to place (within his or her country or across borders), usually for economic reasons such as seasonal work. Similar to immigrants, they were not forced to leave their native countries because of persecution or violence, but rather are seeking better opportunities.

Many of those crossing the U.S. border from Central American countries—El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras—are in fact asylum seekers, not migrants. They have a well-founded fear of persecution if they were to return home.

By Pervez Saleem Courtesy: International Rescue Committee What’s the difference between legal and undocumented immigrants? Legal immigrants are foreign-born people legally admitted to the U.S. Undocumented immigrants, also called illegal aliens, are foreign-born people who do not possess a valid visa or other immigration documentation, because they entered the U.S. without inspection, stayed longer than their temporary visa permitted, or otherwise violated the terms under which they were admitted. Why is it hard for immigrants to become legal? The government’s restrictive criteria render legal paths of immigration available in only the most extreme cases. America traditionally had few immigration restrictions, but since the 1920s, the law has banned most aspiring immigrants. How can I legally immigrate to the US? In order to become a

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